The ultimate jump rope workout guide

The ultimate jump rope workout guide

Jumping rope, or skipping, is a simple but super effective way to get and stay fit and control your weight. If you are looking for a no-frills way to exercise, maybe something you can do at home or when you’re on the road, or simply an indoor workout when the weather is bad, look no further than jumping rope.

Jump rope benefits

  • Jump ropes are cheap, easy to find and hard-wearing. For $20.00 or less, you can buy a jump rope that will last you for years and deliver a great workout.
  • You can jump rope indoors or outdoors and just about any time you like. No need to wait for the gym to open.
  • Jump rope is a massive calorie burner – that’s why boxer’s use it to help them lose weight before a fight.
  • As a weight bearing activity, jumping rope will strengthen your bones as well as your leg muscles, heart and lungs. This can reduce your risk of suffering osteoporosis.
  • Once you have mastered the basics, you can do lots of cool jump rope tricks to make your workouts fun and varied.
  • Jumping rope develops eye/ hand/ foot coordination, so can help improve your performance in other sports.
  • Although it looks like a lower body exercise, jumping rope is actually a full body workout. You’ll soon feel your shoulders, arms and upper back working along with your legs.

Of course, not all forms of exercise are suitable for everyone …

  • As a high impact activity, jumping rope can be hard on your feet, ankles, knees and hips. This means that heavier exercisers may find jumping rope uncomfortable.
  • The skill of jump rope can take a while to develop.
  • You’ll need plenty of space to jump rope – in front, behind and above. A fast-turning rope rope can be quite destructive so keep anything fragile out of the way.


JUMP ROPE: GETTING STARTED

There isn’t much you need to do to jump rope. But before you get started make sure you have the following things sorted so that your jump rope workouts are as productive and enjoyable as possible…

Types of jump rope – there are lots of different types of jump rope you can buy. Some are made of leather, others are plastic and others still are metal wire. Plain old cotton ropes are usually too slow so choose a “speed rope” instead. Speed ropes have the potential to be very fast, they have light handles, are generally adjustable and they spin smoothly and easily without snagging.

Length of your rope – stand on the middle of your jump rope and pull the handles up to your arm pits. A properly-sized rope should just reach your pits. If your rope is too long, tie knots in it to shorten it or reduce the length at the handles. If the rope is too short, get a longer one, as you’ll just end up tripping all the time.

Shoes – as a high impact activity, jumping rope puts a lot of stress on your feet and ankles so wear supportive, shock absorbing shoes when you jump rope. Running shoes or cross trainers are ideal.

Flooring – if possible, do your jump rope workouts on a forgiving surface and avoid concrete and cement floors. A wooden floor, matted floor or boxing ring is ideal. If you have to jump rope on concrete, make sure your shoes are up to the job and keep your workouts relatively brief and infrequent.

How to jump rope

Jumping rope is a skill, and skills take time to master. Start off using this basic jump technique and then move on to more advanced jumps…

  1. With a handle in each hand, stand with your rope behind you and your feet together. Your hands should be around hip-height.
  2. With a flick of your wrists, circle the rope up and over your head. As the rope approaches your feet, jump up and over. Don’t jump too high – aim to only just clear the rope.
  3. Keep the rope turning and repeat. Don’t worry if you trip – just reset your position and try again. Soon you’ll be doing ten, twenty, fifty or even one hundred rope turns without tripping
  4. Try to keep your arms and shoulders relaxed and just use your wrists to keep the rope turning


JUMP ROPE TECHNIQUES

While you can do double-footed rope jumps and get a good workout, you’ll get more from your jump rope training if you master a few more techniques…

Heel/toe

Rather than keep your feet together, land on one leg more than the other and kick your non-weight bearing leg forward so your heel touches the ground. Alternate legs step by step. This is also known as a boxers’ skip

Jogging on the spot

Simply run on the spot so you only ever have one foot on the floor at a time

Knee lifts

From jogging on the spot, lift your knees forward and pump your legs high so your thighs finish up roughly parallel to the floor

High knee sprints

Keeping your knees high, pump your legs and spin your rope as fast as you can!

Double unders

Two rope turns per jump may look impossible but once you have mastered them, double unders are pretty awesome and very effective. Simply jump slightly higher and turn the rope faster so it passes under you twice per jump. With practice, you’ll be able to do ten, twenty or even fifty double unders. This exercise only really works with a fast, smooth speed rope

Cross overs

Cross overs are a cool-looking move and also give your shoulders a brief rest. As the rope passes under you, hunch your shoulders and cross your hands in front of your hips. This creates a loop in the rope. Jump though the loop and quickly uncross your hands and return to normal rope jumping. If you are really fast you can do a double under cross over where you cross your hands as the rope passes under you the second time!

 

JUMP ROPE WORKOUTS

While you could just jump rope for ten minutes and call it a workout, there are better ways to use your rope and get fitter, faster…

Three-minute rounds

Jump rope for three minutes, rest for one minute and repeat. This is a good way to break up long jump rope workouts.

Pyramids

Do ten jump rope turns and then take a brief rest. Then do twenty and rest again. Keep adding ten more turns until you get up to one hundred. Then go back down doing ninety, eighty and so on until you get back to ten. On completion, you’ll have done 1000 rope turns.

Tabata intervals

Jump rope as fast as you can for 20-seconds and then rest for 10-seconds. Repeat eight to ten times for a short but intense workout

Burpee and jump rope descending pyramid

Do ten burpees and then jump rope 50 times. Do nine burpees and jump rope again 50 times. Keep doing one less burpee until you get all the way down to one. Make sure you jump rope as fast as you can as this workout is against the clock.

30/30 intervals

Jump rope for 30 seconds and then do a quick set of press ups – 10 or so is fine. Jump back up and skip for a further 30 seconds and then do a quick set of squats. Continue alternating using your speed rope with press ups and squats for 15 to 20 minutes

 

By mixing these techniques together, you can create a fun and varied workout that will be different each time you do it. There is no need to ever get bored jumping rope!

The ultimate jump rope workout guide was last modified: August 16th, 2015 by the team